Diabetes is a metabolic disorder
involving impaired insulin response, resulting in excessive sugar in the blood. The 4 most common types are:
- Type 2 (also called adult onset diabetes) in which the body does not process blood sugar normally,
- Type 1 (usually affecting the individual from their youth) in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin,
- Prediabetes, in which blood sugar is excessive, but not high enough to be diagnosed as Type 2, and
- Gestational diabetes, which affects pregnant women who have a form of high blood sugar.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2, or adult onset diabetes, is very common, affecting over 29 million people in the U.S. alone. Although it is primarily an adult disease, it can affect people of any age group. There is a difference between Type 2 and Type 1, in which the pancreas does not produce insulin normally. Type 2 is primarily treated by controlling certain types of food, exercise, medication and insulin therapy. Look for these symptoms:
- extreme thirst
- frequent urination
- increased hunger
- blurred vision
- sores or infections that heal slowly
Not every symptom means you have diabetes, but if you have one or more, only a doctor can rule out a diagnosis of diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, in which your pancreas produces little or no insulin, has the same symptoms as adult onset diabetes, but in addition to controlling the diet and encouraging exercise, because your pancreas does not produce insulin, you will need to take insulin as a medication.
Prediabetes is also called impaired glucose tolerance, often has no symptoms, and if left undetected or untreated, is most likely to develop into Type 2 diabetes within 10 years.
Fortunately, this is one condition that doctors test for when a woman begins seeing her doctor during pregnancy. For the mother, it can result in pre-eclampsia, depression and higher rates of C-sections. Babies risk being born too large, with low blood sugar after birth, jaundice, and possibly stillbirth.
Contact the American Diabetes Association for more information. Or call 1-800-Diabetes (800-342-2383).
‘Diabetes & You’ set for Nov. 7
10/20/17—In Delaware, Tina Trout, certified diabetes educator at Beebe Healthcare, will discuss tips for living with diabetes in her “Diabetes & You” presentation, set for 3 p.m. Nov. 7 at the Rehoboth Beach Public Library, 226 Rehoboth Ave.
For more information, click here.
Does diabetes make a heart attack feel different?
10/20/17—According to a new article published in Reuters Health, people with diabetes may not always feel classic symptoms like acute chest pain when they have a heart attack.
Symptoms of a heart attack include:
- Discomfort, pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest, arm, or below the breastbone
- Discomfort radiating to the back, jaw, throat, or arm
- Fullness, indigestion, or choking feeling (may feel like heartburn)
- Sweating, nausea, vomiting, or dizziness
- Extreme weakness, anxiety, or shortness of breath
- Rapid or irregular heartbeats.
Some people have a heart attack without having any symptoms (a “silent” myocardial infarction). A silent MI can occur in anyone, but it is more common among people with diabetes.
They cite a small study that offers a potential explanation for why these episodes are more deadly for diabetics. For more information, click here.